By ACI Committee 376
This code offers minimal necessities for layout and development of strengthened concrete and prestressed concrete buildings for the garage and containment of refrigerated liquefied gases (RLG) with carrier temperatures among +40 and –325°F. the rules indexed herein are appropriate to concrete foundations of double-steel tanks topic to the approval of the landlord.
Read or Download ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary PDF
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Additional resources for ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary
Determination of m shall be based on the most probable value during service. The design of concrete members shall include the effects of µ determined at ambient temperature in accordance with ASTM C469. 209R). The most probable value during service, rather than the upper-bound values of the variables, should be used. 22 at –265°F. 8 Permeability—Concrete used for primary containment shall be designed with intrinsic permeability k to cryogenic fluids of not greater than 10–18 m² unless it is demonstrated in the design of the structure that a greater value is acceptable or that a lower value is required.
3 If a design incorporates higher stress levels in materials than those in API 620 that exhibit a distinct ductile-to-brittle transition, the design stress levels and material strain loading rates shall be such that the material always exhibits ductile behavior under the most severe projected design conditions. 1 and as defined in ACI 350 and ACI 318. 1—General The φ-factor used in strut-and-tie models is taken equal to the φ-factor for shear. The value of φ for strut-and-tie models is applied to struts, ties, and bearing areas in such models.
PCA (1986) also provides guidance on various substances that attack concrete and protective systems for the concrete. 10 Fire resistance—The concrete shall be designed to avoid explosive spalling. 7 of NFPA 59A along with methods of fire protection in Chapter 13 and Appendix A of the same document. That information can also be applied to refrigerated liquefied gas (RLG) tanks. High-strength concrete can experience explosive spalling when subjected to fire. Some coarse aggregates, such as flint gravels, are more prone to spalling than others and the concrete design should select one with a high resistance.
ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary by ACI Committee 376