By Kevin C. Murphy
American retailers tested buying and selling enterprises within the ports of Yokohama, Kobe and Nagasaki which operated from 1859-1899 till the repeal of the Unequal Treaties. individuals of a privileged, semi-colonial neighborhood, the retailers shaped the most important staff of usa citizens in nineteenth century Japan. during this first book-length therapy of this team, Kevin Murphy explores their interactions with the japanese within the treaty port method, how the japanese management manipulated them to its personal ends, and the way the retailers themselves outlined the restrictions of yank company in Japan via their ambiguous yet deep obstacle with order and chance, restraint and dominance, and conservatism and dominance.
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Extra resources for American Merchant Experience in 19th Century Japan
English, French, Dutch, German, Italian, Americans, Greeks, Chinese, niggers all live together, the most incongruous elements that ever made up a “happy family”. They are a 30 THE AMERICAN MERCHANT EXPERIENCE rather rough lot in some cases, but good fellows enough in their way, and men who have traveled so much generally besides knowing how to take care of themselves, are helpful and kind to others in a way quite unknown in Europe. 62 The experience of Joseph Heco illustrates early business arrangements.
S. 50 Consuls, as official representatives of their country’s governments, could use their influence to get larger amounts of currency exchanged. Dorr noted that his “office capacity gives me plenty of Credit…in time I shall be able to do much”. Earlier, Dorr had written a private and confidential letter to Albert Heard at Shanghai in which he described the nature of an agreement he had made with Heard and some of the problems he encountered: My agreement with your brother was that your house shall furnish funds as required.
89 Augustine Heard and Company, the great trading firm from the China coast, opened its operations in Japan in 1859, but was out of business by the mid-1870s. Fraser and Company and Fischer and Company, maintained offices or stores for a decade or less and disappeared without a trace, leaving only scattered communication with their consuls and a short listing in the port directory to confirm their relatively brief existence. S. partially accounts for the high rate of company mortality. One small merchant of this sort was Henry Bonham, a native of Tennessee, who died intestate in Yokohama on December 27, 1870.
American Merchant Experience in 19th Century Japan by Kevin C. Murphy