Download e-book for iPad: American Voices by W Wolfram and B Ward

By W Wolfram and B Ward

ISBN-10: 1405121092

ISBN-13: 9781405121095

ISBN-10: 1405148853

ISBN-13: 9781405148856

American Voices is a set of brief, readable descriptions of assorted American dialects, written through most sensible researchers within the box. written through most sensible researchers within the box and contains Southern English, New England speech, Chicano English, Appalachian English, Canadian English, and California English, between many others interesting examine the whole diversity of yankee social, ethnic, and neighborhood dialects written for the lay individual

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According to the Appalachian Regional Commission, Appalachia stretches from mid-state New York to the northeast corner of Mississippi, and includes 406 counties in 13 states. It has a tremendous geographic area (roughly 200,000 square miles), and a population of about 22 million. Of course, not all of Appalachia’s 22 million people speak a dialect traditionally regarded as Appalachian. Traditional Appalachian English has been defined by a laundry list of features: people expect to hear bar for bear and sodipop for soda pop; they expect to hear phrases like I was a-working when the lats [lights] went out and I ain’t seen but one deer when we was out huntin’.

We do not find continuity between the older and younger African American Appalachian speakers in terms of the sociolinguistic features that mark their speech as African American. But there does appear to be an Appalachian variety of AAVE, blending traditionally European-American Appalachian features with traditional AAVE features: for example, habitual be which marks an event as happening on a repeated or regular basis, as in the sentence Sometimes, my ears be itching. Understanding how ethnic diversity influences language diversity helps provide for a more complete definition of Appalachian English.

Only a few features of Texas speech do not occur somewhere else. Nevertheless, in its mix of elements both from various dialects of English and from other languages, TXE is in fact somewhat different from other closely related varieties. A Short Linguistic History of Texas Any linguistic overview of Texas must begin with the realization that English is, historically, the second language of the state. Even setting aside the languages of Native Americans in the area, Spanish was spoken in Texas for nearly a century before English was.

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American Voices by W Wolfram and B Ward


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