By Richard W. Hill, Gordon A. Wyse, Margaret Anderson
Animal body structure offers all of the branches of recent animal body structure with a robust emphasis on integration of physiological wisdom, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Integration extends from molecules to organ platforms and from one physiological self-discipline to a different. The booklet takes a completely clean method of each one subject. Its full-colour illustrations contain many novel, visually potent positive aspects to aid scholars examine. all of the 25 major chapters starts off with a short animal instance to have interaction scholar curiosity and reveal the price of the cloth that might be discovered. The publication contains 5 extra, briefer 'At paintings' chapters that practice scholars' newfound physiological wisdom to curiosity-provoking and significant themes, together with diving through marine mammals, the mechanisms of navigation, and muscle plasticity in use and disuse. The booklet is devoted to a comparative process all through. while mammalian body structure is constantly taken care of extensive, emphasis can be given to the opposite vertebrate teams, arthropods, molluscs, and-as appropriate-additional invertebrates. recommendations and integrative topics are emphasised whereas giving scholars the specifics they want. the total animal is the important concentration of this publication. The pages are jam-packed with details on every little thing from knockout mice, genomics, and enzyme chemistry to conventional organ body structure, phylogenetic research, and functions to human affairs. consistently, the critical organizing precept for the array of subject matters provided is to appreciate entire animals within the environments the place they dwell. complicated rules are constructed essentially and punctiliously to aid scholars comprehend vital strategies in enough intensity with out being crushed. Pedagogical aids contain embedded summaries all through chapters, research questions, in part annotated reference lists, an in depth word list, appendices, and an upgraded index. For all 3 authors, instructing body structure to undergraduate scholars has been a lifelong precedence. the outlet 5 chapters supply heritage fabric on physiological fundamentals, cell-molecular thoughts, genomics, physiological improvement, delivery of solutes and water, ecology, and evolutionary biology. the remainder chapters are geared up into 5 sections: * nutrition, strength, and Temperature * Integrating structures * stream and Muscle * Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and inner shipping * Water, Salts, and Excretion the recent version positive aspects: * a brand new bankruptcy on physiological improvement and epigenetics (Chapter four) * a wholly rewritten bankruptcy on sensory strategies, integrating most recent study insights with organ-system body structure (Chapter 14) * wide rewriting, reorganization, or growth of chapters on cardio and anaerobic metabolism (Chapter 8), task energetics (Chapter 9), thermal kinfolk (Chapter 10), osmoregulation (Chapter 28), and kidney functionality (Chapter 29) * greater than fifty seven new figures or tables * New bins written by means of professional visitor authors on issues comparable to fMRI, magnetoreceptors in navigation, optogenetics, sleep, and symbiosis * All chapters up to date in keeping with the newest literature and terminology * All figures and textual content revised as wanted for pedagogical effectiveness * up-to-date, in-depth lists of references to the medical literature
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Extra info for Animal Physiology, 3rd Ed
Most cells are bathed by the animal’s tissue fluids or blood. Thus 4 See Chapter 2 (page 55) for a discussion of the ubiquitin–proteasome system that tags proteins for breakdown and disassembles them. the environment of most cells consists of the set of conditions prevailing in the tissue fluids or blood. Claude Bernard (1813–1878), a Frenchman who was one of the most influential physiologists of the nineteenth century, was the first to codify this concept. He coined the term internal environment (milieu intérieur) to refer to the set of conditions—temperature, pH, sodium (Na+) concentration, and so forth—experienced by cells within an animal’s body.
Soon we will define homeostasis using the words of Walter Cannon (1871–1945), who coined the term. To fully appreciate the concept, however, we must first recognize its historical roots in medicine. The two men who contributed the most toward developing the concept of homeostasis, Claude Bernard and Walter Cannon, were physicians and medical researchers, concerned primarily with human physiology. Healthy humans maintain remarkable constancy of conditions in their blood and tissue fluids. The notion of homeostasis was thus conceived during studies of a species that exhibits exceptional internal constancy, and later the notion was extrapolated to other animals.
For instance, although each individual dam along a river might be designed to let salmon pass, a series of dams might so increase the overall cost of migration that the fish—which don’t eat and live just on their stores of energy when migrating— could run out of energy before reaching spawning grounds. With knowledge of the energetics of swimming and leaping, managers can make rational predictions of the cumulative effects of dams, rather than simply altering rivers and waiting to see what happens.
Animal Physiology, 3rd Ed by Richard W. Hill, Gordon A. Wyse, Margaret Anderson