By Neville G Gregory
Animal welfare concerns have gotten more and more favourite in animal prodution, for either monetary and ethical purposes. This ebook provides a transparent figuring out of the connection among the welfare of significant nutrients animal species and their body structure, and the direct impression this has on meat caliber. This re-creation makes a speciality of fresh examine and advancements and likewise appears to be like into welfare in aquaculture.
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Additional info for Animal Welfare and Meat Science
This takes time, and the absence of haemosiderin within the macrophages at a bruise indicates that the bruise is less than 24 hours old (Gregory, 1996b). Clearly these methods would not be used routinely, but they may have use in legal prosecutions and defences. 4. This bruising was sufficiently severe to warrant trimming by the Meat Inspection Service, and it does not include light forms of bruising. The main sites of bruising in a carcass vary between handling systems, but commonly in beef carcasses the hips, round and the top of the back are most affected.
For further information on flight zone principles, refer to Grandin (1993a, 1998), and Kilgour and Dalton (1984). Cattle, pigs and sheep can become highly stressed if they are isolated from other animals. , 1994; Boissy and Boissou, 1995). A lone isolated cow can be very dangerous to handle. Isolation makes the animal fearful and it may charge handlers in an attempt to rejoin its herdmates. A lone agitated cow or steer is a common cause of handling accidents, and handlers should be instructed never to enter a crowding pen containing an agitated lone bovine.
14 Ascend Time (seconds) Descend 8 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 Ramp angle (degrees) Fig. 4. Time taken by pigs to ascend and descend ramps of different slope. 38 Chapter 2 Another difficult situation during preslaughter handling is driving the animal up to the stunning position. In some countries it is a legal requirement to restrain an animal at stunning. This helps to ensure accurate application of the stunning gun or tongs, but it inevitably leads to stress for those animals that do not want to enter the restrainer or that object to being restrained.
Animal Welfare and Meat Science by Neville G Gregory