Read e-book online Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe PDF

By R. J. W. Evans

ISBN-10: 0199281440

ISBN-13: 9780199281442

This publication tackle a couple of interrelated topics over 2 hundred years and extra within the political, non secular, cultural, and social historical past of a vast yet frequently missed swathe of the eu continent. It seeks - opposed to the grain of traditional shows - to recognize the period from the later 17th to the later 19th century as a complete, and to illustrate continuities, in addition to casting mild on key facets of the evolution in the direction of sleek statehood and nationwide expertise in primary Europe, and the crises of ancien-regime strucutres there within the face of recent demanding situations at domestic and abroad.

Each of the essays - a few of which in particular written for this quantity, and others on hand for the 1st time in English - is meant to be free-standing and obtainable by itself; yet also they are designed to slot jointly and exhibit an total coherence. a lot consciousness is dedicated to the Austrian or Habsburg lands, particularly the interaction of the most territories which comprised them. A imperative factor here's the evoltuion of the dominion of Hungary, from its complete acquisition by means of the Habsburgs first and foremost of the interval to the emergence of the twin Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on the finish. however the chapters additionally variety extra boradly, either territorially and chronologically.

Though a lot of the scholarship underpinning this masterly exploration could be unexpected to many readers, it is a an elegantly written and stimulating assortment, which displays the exploratory and person personality of the essay as a style.

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Extra resources for Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867

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Leopold I’s shrewd Reichspolitik culminated in the internal alliance system which he was able to build during the wars of the 1680s and 1690s. Even Brandenburg was a kind of partner from the death of Elector Frederick William onwards, though recognition of their kingship in Prussia was necessary to cement the Hohenzollerns’ allegiance. The grant of electoral dignity to Hanover in 1692 belonged in the same scheme of productive concessions within the established order. 18 The political campaign was both reflected and promulgated in the aesthetic sphere: associated with showy and sumptuous art and architecture which evidently carried some kind of message.

Ch. 3. 15 Yet this ecclesiastical establishment in fact changed markedly during the reign of Maria Theresa. In the first place, the balance of forces between church and state tilted in the direction of the latter. While Austria experienced major Erastian developments from the 1750s, as the state took a tighter hold on church revenues, restricted the freedoms of monasteries, curbed the powers of the papacy, etc. (those measures which first gave rise to the term ‘Josephinism’, though they are now seen as having been initiated by Kaunitz and the Empress), parallel developments took place in Hungary.

Maria Theresa and Hungary 25 that—it contained a large element of shadow-boxing, since the cultural attitudes of the Hungarian Catholic hierarchy were also shifting, pari passu with those of the reformist regime. 18 Most important of these changes was the second fundamental piece of Maria-Theresan ‘legislation’ for Hungary: the Ratio Educationis of 1777. 19 The result was a long and detailed programme for Catholic schooling at all levels, in a framework of vigorous state control, with a stress on training for citizenship (Protestant educational institutions, while not directly addressed, were evidently expected to follow suit).

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Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683-1867 by R. J. W. Evans


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