Download PDF by Pallavi V. Das: Colonialism, Development, and the Environment: Railways and

By Pallavi V. Das

ISBN-10: 1137494581

ISBN-13: 9781137494580

ISBN-10: 1349556459

ISBN-13: 9781349556458

This learn explores the confluence of economic system and ecology in British India, exhibiting that Britain initiated monetary improvement ideas in India as a way to successfully extract assets from it. It appears particularly at how nation railway development and wooded area conservation efforts took on a cyclical, virtually symbiotic relationship.

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Extra resources for Colonialism, Development, and the Environment: Railways and Deforestation in British India, 1860–1884

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Because these scientists acted within the structure of colonial relations, their influence on environmental, or more specifically, forest policy, was limited. The colonial actors were able to influence forest policies only when their suggestions were in tune with the state’s long-term interest of continued resource extraction from the colony. Given their dominance, both in terms of the capital invested and in their impact on trade when compared to other public works, the railways make an excellent window for examining the nature of colonial state intervention in India’s economy and metropole-colony relations.

60 No matter who actually built the railways, their establishment and expansion were characterized by intensive state involvement and supervision. The state played a developmental role not only in promoting the construction of railways but also in being involved in their management. The contracts between the railway companies and the state clearly specified in detail the power and control that the state had over the railways. 62 The state’s active involvement is also reflected in the enormous amount of correspondence between the Directors of the East India Company and later by the Secretary of State for India on the one hand and the Indian government and the managers of the railway companies in India on the other.

Thus, the economic exploitation of the colony by the metropole had ecological costs in the form of deforestation which cannot be ignored. 69 Introduction 11 But colonial exploitation is a contradiction-prone process. Because of deforestation, a timber crisis developed, threatening further expansion and operation of the railways in India. Because the colonial state was actively involved in promoting railway expansion, it had to intervene in the forest arena through the adoption of forest conservation.

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Colonialism, Development, and the Environment: Railways and Deforestation in British India, 1860–1884 by Pallavi V. Das


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