By Maurice Hornocker, Sharon Negri, Alan Rabinowitz
The cougar is without doubt one of the most lovely, enigmatic, and majestic animals within the Americas. Eliciting reverence for its grace and autonomous nature, it additionally triggers worry whilst it comes into touch with humans, pets, and farm animals or competes for hunters’ video game. secret, fable, and false impression encompass this outstanding creature. The cougar’s variety as soon as prolonged from northern Canada to the top of South the USA, and from the Pacific to the Atlantic, making it the main common animal within the western hemisphere. yet overhunting and lack of habitat greatly lowered cougar numbers by way of the early 20th century throughout a lot of its old diversity, and this day the cougar faces a number of threats as burgeoning human improvement encroaches on its closing habitat. whilst Maurice Hornocker all started the 1st long term examine of cougars within the Idaho wasteland in 1964, little was once identified approximately this massive cat. Its secretive nature and rarity within the panorama made it tricky to review. yet his groundbreaking learn yielded significant insights and was once the prelude to extra examine in this arguable species. The capstone to Hornocker’s lengthy profession learning huge cats, Cougar is a robust and sensible source for scientists, conservationists, and someone with an curiosity in huge carnivores. He and conservationist Sharon Negri collect the varied views of 22 exotic scientists to supply the fullest account of the cougar’s ecology, habit, and genetics, its position as a most sensible predator, and its conservation wishes. This compilation of modern findings, attractive photos, and firsthand debts of box learn unravels the mysteries of this wonderful animal and emphasizes its significance in fit surroundings tactics and in our lives.
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Additional info for Cougar: Ecology and Conservation
Photo by Mark McKinstry. 6 Harley Shaw and canine assistants are perched at the rim of the Grand Canyon, 1979. Hounds were indispensable to researchers until the advent of GPS, which allowed much more intensive tracking of cougar movements. Photo by N. L. Dodd. The Emerging Cougar Chronicle 23 During the 1970s and into the 1980s, cougar studies developed in Wyoming (Logan et al. 1986), Montana (Murphy 1983), Texas (McBride 1976), and Colorado (Anderson et al. 1992). Again more or less emulating the work of Hornocker and Seidensticker, T.
2). Seven of the other eleven New World felids compose the ocelot lineage (ocelot, Leopardus pardalis; margay, Leopardus wiedii; tigrina, Leopardus tigrina; Geoffroy’s cat, Oncifelis geoffroyi; kodkod, Oncifelis guigna; Andean mountain cat, Oreailurus jacobita; and pampas cat, Lynchailurus colocolo). 1 Geographic ranges of the thirty-two previously recognized cougar subspecies (modified from Culver 1999, redrawn by John Norton). Question marks are areas of unknown subspecies affinity. The three-letter codes reflect the following subspecies: ACR = acrocodia, ANT = anthonyi, ARA = araucanus, AZT = azteca, BAN = bangsi, BOR = borbensis, BRO = browni, CAB = cabrerae, CAL = californica, CAP = capricornensis, CON = concolor, COR = coryi, COS = costaricensis, COU = couguar, GRE = greeni, HIP = hippolestes, HUD = hudsoni, IMP = improcera, INC = incarum, KAI = kaibabensis, MAY = mayensis, MIS = missoulensis, OLY = olympus, ORE = oregonensis, OSG = osgoodi, PAT = patagonica, PEA = pearsoni, PUM = puma, SHO = shorgeri, SOD = soderstromi, STA = stanleyana, VAN = vancouverensis.
Government and private hunters also developed basic knowledge of the behavior of the species through observation of sign; Ben Lilly’s journals and records are an example (see Lilly 1998). While their motive may have been extirpation of cougars, they nonetheless developed skills that were later needed in scientific studies. One of the first direct studies of cougar natural history was a master’s thesis project carried out by Frank C. Hibben at the University of New Mexico (1937). 1). He interviewed ranchers and others reputed to be knowledgeable about cougars and investigated thirty-two reports of livestock depredation.
Cougar: Ecology and Conservation by Maurice Hornocker, Sharon Negri, Alan Rabinowitz