By Anthony J. Marsella and Paul B. Pedersen (Eds.)
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Extra info for Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy
It would be interesting to repeat the Henry, Sims, and Spray (1971) study, from which most of these findings come, to see if there have been shifts in the intervening decade or so. 42 Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy Therapist prejudice, and culture-related attitudes Therapist and counselor attitudes, especially prejudice, would seem to be related to effectiveness in counseling. However, Harrison's review (1975) of two studies found no significant relation of prejudice and dogmatism with supervisor's ratings of effectiveness; another study showed that high-prejudiced white therapists saw black patients a fewer number of times than low-prejudiced white therapists.
Gomes-Schwartz et al. (1978) also conclude that "data indicate that the treatment style. or the therapist's competence and comfort in dealing with racial or class differences between himself and his patient. might be important influences on outcome [p. " Likewise, the client's comfort with a person of different background is important, and it is often necessary in psychotherapy to deal with feelings about racial and cultural differences in the counseling pair. A rather interesting implication for matching arises from the study of lower-class black patients by Vail (1978); he found that race of therapist was not a significant correlate of remaining in treatment, but that patients remained longer with therapists of the opposite sex.
The authors suggest the therapeutic importance of using concrete, obtainable objectives in the near future and structural family therapy which manipulates dysfunctional interaction patterns. g. Tyler, Sundberg, Rohila, & Greene, 1968). Derald Sue (1978) sees two fundamental factors running through much of this concern for work and world view, namely, internal vs. external locus of control or power and internal vs. external locus of responsibility. He outlines ways in which people differing on these factors need to be treated in cross-cultural counseling.
Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy by Anthony J. Marsella and Paul B. Pedersen (Eds.)