By Shuja Nawaz
In response to 30 years of study and research, this definitive booklet is a profound, multi-layered, and ancient research of the character and function of the Pakistan military within the country's polity in addition to its turbulent courting with the USA. Shuja Nawaz examines the military and Pakistan in either peace and battle. utilizing many hitherto unpublished fabrics from the documents of the USA, the uk, and the overall Headquarters of the Pakistan military, in addition to interviews with key army and political figures in Pakistan and the U.S., he sheds gentle not just at the Pakistan military and its US connections but additionally on Pakistan as a key Muslim kingdom in a single of the world's hardest neighborhoods. In doing so, he lays naked key evidence approximately Pakistan's a variety of wars with India and its many rounds of political musical chairs, in addition to the Kargil clash of 1999. He then attracts classes from this historical past which can aid Pakistan finish its wars inside of and create a stabler political entity.
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Additional info for Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within
In an interview with the BBC on Saturday, 17 November 2007 he declared ‘Have I done anything constitutionally illegal? Yes, I did it on November 3,’ he said, referring to imposition of emergency rule. ‘But did I do it before? ’ T he N ew s, Islamabad, 18 November 2007. 8. Mancur Olson, ‘Dictatorship, Democracy and Development,’ A m e r ic a n P o litic a l S c ie n ce R e v ie w , Vol. 87, No. 3, September 1993, pp. 567-576 and Mancur Olson, T h e L o g ic o f C o lle c tiv e A c tio n (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965).
Mirza Aslam Beg, ‘The Powerbrokers of Democracy,’ T h e N a tio n , Lahore, 6 April 2007. 5. Kamal Azfar, ‘Doctrine of Necessity,’ T he N a tio n , 2 April 2006. 6. Kamal Azfar, ‘The Swing of the Pendulum,’ T h e N a tio n , 10 September 2006. 7. In an interview with the BBC on Saturday, 17 November 2007 he declared ‘Have I done anything constitutionally illegal? Yes, I did it on November 3,’ he said, referring to imposition of emergency rule. ‘But did I do it before? ’ T he N ew s, Islamabad, 18 November 2007.
Entry for Sunday, 15 January 1967, p. 49. xliv INTRODUCTION 11. Q. K h a n (London: IISS, 2007), pp. 109- B la c k M a r k e ts : P a k is ta n , a n d th e R is e o f P r o life r a tio n N e tw o r k s — A N e t A s e s s m e n t 113. 12. : In s id e P a k is ta n 's M il ita r y E c o n o m y (London: Pluto Press, 2007). 13. The Pakistan Army has a legion of brigadiers also who represent the one-star generals, but who are not referred to as generals, unlike, say, in the old British Indian army or the United States army.
Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within by Shuja Nawaz