Download e-book for kindle: Scribal Culture and the Making of the Hebrew Bible by Karel van der Toorn

By Karel van der Toorn

ISBN-10: 0674032543

ISBN-13: 9780674032545

Each decade we see the e-book of just one or works of scholarly excellence that essentially boost the certainty of the Hebrew Bible and alter the highbrow contours of the biblical box. Karel van der Toorn has entire this rarest of highbrow achievements. diverse branches of bible study, even if literary, theological or old in orientation, will strongly take advantage of this quantity. (Mark S. Smith, Skirball Professor of Bible and old close to japanese reports, manhattan University)

Van der Toorn has made a masterful case that the Hebrew Bible is the manufactured from the scribal tradition of old Israel and Judaism. His argument is lucidly and skillfully plotted and relentlessly and convincingly logical. rather notable is his skill to deliver facts from different historic close to japanese cultures at the scribal craft, specially Mesopotamia, to a penetrating and nuanced elucidation of the Biblical case. In all, this can be rather an enormous contribution to religious study and a triumph of the comparative method of them. (Peter Machinist, Hancock Professor of Hebrew and different Oriental Languages, Harvard University)

Karel van der Toorn has actually swept away a couple of unbelievable theories and even as has laid an organization beginning for destiny learn. He cuts via a lot of the theory of the hot scholarly debate and proposes new theories that would be debatable yet are in line with reliable proof. destiny debates in this subject might want to take his contributions under consideration or hazard being gave the impression to be out of contact with the truth of historic literary perform. (Robert R. Wilson, Hoober Professor of spiritual reviews and Professor of outdated testomony, Yale University)

This scrupulous research through the Dutch pupil Karel van der Toorn of ways the Hebrew Bible used to be written after which developed over the years is in so much respects finely instructive. a few of what Toorn has to claim contains techniques lengthy widely used to Biblical students, notwithstanding even during this regard he offers many clean insights. approximately all of the book's argument, in addition, deals a robust corrective to misconceptions in regards to the Bible...Karel van der Toorn is the perfect--and bracing--antithesis to Harold Bloom...Scribal tradition and the Making of the Hebrew Bible is a salutary ebook in accordance with the main bold scholarly wisdom and research. it is going to compel readers to reconsider their conceptions of literary construction in historical Israel, and it's a important reminder that during many respects these answerable for the biblical corpus have been relatively faraway from being early Iron Age equivalents of Flaubert or Henry James. (Robert modify London overview of Books 2007-07-19)

Building upon the starting to be popularity that the Hebrew Bible got here into being because the close to East moved from an oral to a written culture…Van der Toorn...examines the valuable function historical scribes performed in shaping the biblical textual content. the writer brings to undergo his substantial wisdom of scribal practices during the historic close to East, and thereby exhibits how the Bible’s development is illuminated while visible in contrast historical past. whereas every now and then speculative (e.g., his competition that Deuteronomy gone through 4 variants, which he smartly delineates), the author’s study calls into query those that blithely push aside resource and redaction feedback; it additionally demanding situations the conclusions of historic minimalists who date the significant bulk of the Hebrew Bible to overdue within the Persian or early within the Hellenistic period. additionally, the portrait Van der Toorn attracts of scribal education offers a devastating blow to critics who argue that J can have been a girl. Van der Toorn demonstrates that the scribes who produced the Hebrew Bible have been a part of a much broader scribal tradition and that those that forget about this truth prove false impression the biblical textual content and its background. (J.S. Kaminsky selection 2007-09-01)

Van der Toorn covers huge flooring during this quantity. He surveys literacy and authorship within the historical global, the tradition and vocation of scribes, construction of the Moses and prophetic traditions, and the problems of revelation and canon...This quantity is intensely beneficial. Scribal tradition is a must-read for somebody drawn to the problems of the formation, transmission, and standardization of the Hebrew Bible. (Charles Halton magazine of the Evangelical Theological Society 2007-12-01)

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Sample text

Perhaps he was a scholar consulting sacred texts (Dan 9:2) in order to penetrate their subtleties and hidden meanings (Sir 39:1–3); he may also have been an educated layman who read for his personal edification (Acts 8:26–40). Individuals began to buy their own private copy of the Torah (1 Macc 1:56–57). As the reading public grew in size, a book market of sorts developed. The Mishnah explicitly permits the purchase of a Torah scroll from a non-Jew “at its market 24 Books That Are Not Books value” (m.

The names of the prophets are found in the superscriptions, and the superscriptions are the work of editors. Pseudonymous authorship implies a concept of the author as a source of authority, whereas attributed authorship illuminates the nature of that authority. So why did David and Solomon qualify as the authors of collections that did not really need their authority to be accepted as Scripture? One reason could be their standing as the great kings of Jerusalem. But what was probably more important was the fact that they had been blessed with divine charisma.

They show that the Mesopotamian custom of anonymous authorship was current in Israel as well. The bulk of the biblical literature does not carry the name of its author. None of the so-called historical books (Joshua, Judges, 1–2 Samuel, 1– 2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles) contains superscriptions or any other refer32 Authorship in Antiquity ence to the author in the text. The same is true for four of the five books traditionally ascribed to Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers; none contains superscripts or any mention of an author.

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Scribal Culture and the Making of the Hebrew Bible by Karel van der Toorn


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